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Cat care

catCats from head to tail
Cats are great hunters. They have a muscled body with many and especially powerful muscles. These muscles enable a cat to keep its body in the most divergent positions. From folded in order to be able to lick that one particular spot on the back to stretched paws and a high back in order to be able to stretch out. Cats are pleasure-lovers, which welcome every sunray, which love to sleep late, can play with a piece of fluff, go crazy for a ball of wool and are extremely choosy when it comes to liking a person. But they can only feel at ease if they are physically ok. Below a short explanation concerning some important matters.

Body temperature
The normal body temperature of cats is between 38 and 39 °C. In contrast with people a cat can deal with very high temperatures; they even love extreme warmth. They love to sleep in the window-ledge above a warm heating system or close to the fireplace. But due to this relative heath insensibility, it might get too hot for their fur, which makes it go singe. Always remain alert when it comes to heating systems and fireplaces. When the weather is hot a cat, just like a dog, can pant in order to cool off. In this way they evaporate moist out of their beak and lungs, which ensures that the body temperature doesn’t increase excessively. Cats only perspire through their soles. Perspiring through the rest of their skin wouldn’t function because of the isolating functioning of their fur.

The fur
although a cat washes and cleans itself a lot, their fur needs a proper care, whether the cat has long hairs or short hairs. By means of regular combing and brushing of the fur you can remove loose hairs and dirt. If a cat isn’t brushed and/or combed or if this doesn’t take place regularly the cat will swallow the loose hairs during washing. The hairs will form a hair ball in the stomach, which the cat will vomit at a certain moment, but might give the cat in the meantime a very unpleasant feeling in its stomach. Only once the hairball might end up in the intestines and might cause a stoppage. Then, the veterinarian must help to remove it either through “lubricants” or through an operation. The best way is to get the kitten used to brushing and combing, so that later on he feels at ease when doing this. You don’t have to brush/comb the complete fur; you will not be able to find many loose hairs yet. Just softly brush their back, tail, belly and chin; that is enough. In this way you also strengthen the bond between your kitten and you.

In principle washing a cat is only necessary if his fur is very dirty. Most cats don’t like water, but if you wash slowly and resolutely, bathing doesn’t necessarily have to end up in “war”. Place an old towel or a piece of rubber on the ground so that the cat has a grip. Use special cat shampoo and tepid water. Wash out with a sprayer. The cat will not like it if shampoo rests remain in the fur when he starts washing himself again. Wipe the cat dry and only let him go outside when he is completely dry, so that he cannot catch a cold.

Although a cat is able to see a bit in the dark, in contrast with people, he doesn’t have an extraordinary sharp sight. Besides, cats are color-blind. In absolute darkness cats also cannot see anything. A cat always needs a glimpse of light in order to be able to see. He, however, needs much less light than people in order to be able to see something. The cat’s eyes normally don’t need much care. Only long-haired cats might have some dirt in the corner of their eyes. You can easily remove this with a wad of cotton wool or piece of kitchen roll drenched in boiled, cooled water. Never use a dry wad of cotton wool, too many fluffs remain. If the eyes keep getting dirty, we advise to have a veterinarian check it.

The senses of hearing of cats has been developed extremely well. They can hear noises which people cannot observe. Because they can precisely hear from which direction the noise comes, they are successful hunters. Deafness is a huge handicap for a cat, although a deaf cat can probably reasonably compensate this with a sharper sight and smell ability and a higher sensibility for vibrations. Deafness sometimes occurs with white cats. Especially with white cats with blue eyes and unfortunately also age is a heavy burden, because cats at an advanced age often become deaf. In principle the cat’s ears don’t have to be cleaned. If you notice, during combing, that the ears are very red or dirty, have the veterinarian check it. He usually has a good remedy with a good explanation which can solve this

As a real carnivore (meat-eater) a cat has a strong jaw and sharp teeth. Although he only has 30 teeth and molars in his mouth he can bite firmly. In order to keep his teeth and molars clean and strong, it is good to feed the cat not only with soft canned food but also with hard cat chunks.

catBody weight
The difference between female cats and (not neutered) tomcats can be fairly huge. An adult tomcat (not neutered) has an average weight between 3,5 and 7 kg. A female cat or young neutered tomcat usually weighs between 2,5 and 4,5 kg. It might be possible that a narrow built Siamese tomcat weighs less than a firm Persian female cat. Weigh your cat now and then. Should your cat unexpectedly need medicines, your veterinarian can easily determine the dose then.

The cat’s nails have an important task. Or actually several tasks. They enable the cat to climb, he can defend himself with it and he can catch the deanery with it. An outside cat which has the chance to climb and gets enough physical movement will not get long nails quickly. You usually won’t have to check it. However, a cat which doesn’t go outside often and doesn’t have many possibilities to wear off his nails, will often get long nails. This might be inconvenient for him. Besides, these long nails might get stuck in the covering of your lounge suite, or in your floor covering. Furthermore, scratching has an important function during spreading out smells because there are special smelling glands between the foot cushions which give off a smell during scratching. Enough reasons therefore to regularly check the nails of your cat. Also always check the fifth toe which is located on the inside of the forepaws. Because the nail of this toe doesn’t usually touch the ground, it might become very long. Sometimes the nail grows in a circle, after which the nail pricks in the meat. In order to give your cat the opportunity to wear off his nails, you can place a scratching-post in your house. A climbing pole/tree wrapped in sisal rope will be appreciated by your cat. Cutting the nails is a very precise job. Have someone, who knows how this works, show this to you first, for example your veterinarian or the animal home employee.